The result was seen as a “punishment” vote against the Fernández government for the unemployment and other hardships that have accompanied a 10% fall in Argentina’s economy last year along with continuing high inflation
President Alberto Fernández suffered a severe setback in Argentina’s midterm elections held November 14 amid widespread anger over high inflation and rising poverty, with his governing coalition losing control of the Senate and threatened with falling from its position as the biggest bloc in the Chamber of Deputies.
The triumph by the center-right coalition Together for Change will mean a tough final two years in office for the President, who must deal with the acute social crisis and also seek a debt refinancing agreement with the International Monetary Fund to stabilize the economy. It could also intensify divisions within the governing coalition.
President Fernández’s Front for Everyone coalition, which is made up of a collection of Peronist and leftist parties, has been able to pass laws by controlling the Senate while relying on support from independents in the lower house, where the coalition held a strong minority.
According to the official count, the opposition got 40.1% of the votes in Buenos Aires province, which is the country’s biggest population center, while the President’s coalition got 38.4%. Together for Change also led in Santa Fe, Córdoba and the city of Buenos Aires, other districts with important electoral weight.
Voters chose 127 deputies, representing half of the seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and 24 senators in eight provinces, which is a third of the upper house.
The result was seen as a “punishment” vote against the Fernández government for the unemployment and other hardships that have accompanied a 10% fall in Argentina’s economy last year along with continuing high inflation. More than 40% of the country’s 45 million inhabitants live in poverty, unemployment is close to 10% and inflation in October ran at an annual rate of nearly 42%.
The government was also hurt by perceptions of rising insecurity and a series of scandals including violations by Mr. Fernández and those close to him of pandemic health restrictions. He has also had public disagreements with his Vice President, former President Cristina Fernández.
Analysts said both politicians, who are not related, are in for a tough time.
“Both Fernández and Cristina will be weakened. Tensions between the two will rise further, but a total breakup leading to resignations is unlikely," said Daniel Kerner, director for Latin America at consultancy Eurasia Group.
A difficult obstacle is the need for an agreement with the IMF to refinance the debt for some $45 billion left by the previous government, which was led by conservative President Mauricio Macri in 2015-2019.
Cristina Fernández promoted the presidential candidacy of Mr. Fernández in his successful run to defeat Mauricio Macri in the 2019 elections, but they have differed on economic policy and the IMF negotiations. The President advocates not delaying an agreement with the IMF to calm financial markets, which would imply cuts in public spending that clash with his vice president’s more populist vision.
“The government is going to have to rethink many things. Peronism never governed in a coalition before,” said Roberto Bacman, director of the Center for Public Opinion Studies. “Peronism has to find its own internal mechanism to define the course, the economic plan, how we end the issue of the Monetary Fund.”
Source: Read Full Article