There’s a load of bling buried in the earth.
More than a quadrillion tons of diamonds to be exact — or one thousand times more than one trillion — U.S. researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology reported this week.
But don’t expect a diamond rush. These naturally occurring precious minerals are located far deeper than any drilling expedition has ever reached, about 145 to 240 km below the surface of our planet.
“We can’t get at them, but still, there is much more diamond there than we have ever thought before,” said Ulrich Faul, a research scientist in MIT’s Department of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences. “This shows that diamond is not perhaps this exotic mineral, but on the scale of things, it’s relatively common.”
Using seismic technology to analyse how sound waves pass through the earth, scientists detected the treasure trove in rocks called cratonic roots, which are shaped like inverted mountains that stretch through the earth’s crust and into the mantle.
These are “the oldest and most immovable sections of rock that lie beneath the centre of most continental tectonic plates,” the MIT said in a statement.
The project to uncover deep earth diamonds began because scientists were puzzled by observations that sound waves would speed up significantly when passing through the roots of ancient cratons.
“One of its special properties is, the sound velocity in diamond is more than twice as fast as in the dominant mineral in upper mantle rocks, olivine.”
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